California State Capitol
Sacramento hasn’t always been the capital of California. The state Capitol has been located in other cities such as Monterey, Vallejo and Benicia. It’s been in its current location since 1854, but even after that became permanent, there were several attempts to relocate it to various parts of the Bay Area. Construction on the actual Capitol building started in 1860 and was completed in 1874.
Tours are available, or you can roam around much of the building by yourself, free to view portraits of past Governors, the outer doors of the current Governor’s office, the upper galleries of the Senate and Assembly, and the preserved historic rooms showing what offices looked like in the 1800s. Under the dome (there are actually two – a dome inside a dome), in the Rotunda, is a statue depicting Columbus’ Last Appeal to Queen Isabella.
Outside, on the Capitol grounds, are various memorials and a beautiful rose garden. The park covers 40 acres and include many native plants, a trout pond, indian grinding rock, and a camilia grove honoring early pioneers. There are memorials recognizing the CA Mexican-American War, Firefighters, Peace Officers, Spanish American War, and Vientam Veterans, among others.